A colonoscopy is a procedure that enables a doctor to view the large intestine (rectum and colon) from the inside, using a flexible cable equipped with a camera - a colonoscope.
Author: Anna Dygas
Gastroscopy - and more specifically esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) - is an endoscopic (i.e. inside the body) examination of the upper gastrointestinal tract, which allows for the assessment of the esophageal mucosa, stomach and proximal duodenal segment, and, if necessary, performing procedures in this area.
Gastric and duodenal peptic ulcers are the cyclical appearance of peptic ulcers in the stomach or duodenum. Peptic ulcer is a defect of the mucosa accompanied by inflammatory infiltration and necrosis. In most cases, the location of the ulcer is the duodenal bulb and stomach, although they can also occur in the lower esophagus and duodenal loop.
Learning basic first aid skills which might save a human life is paramount, and yet often neglected. In unexpected situations, we would give a lot to know how to help a child who is choking, burned, dealing with a nosebleed or loss of consciousness. However, in such cases, the most valuable commodity is time, so it's worth knowing how to behave and how to effectively perform first aid.