Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an inflammatory process of the reproductive organs in women. PID most commonly results from bacterial infections acquired during intercourse, mainly chlamydia, and gonorrhea. At other times, it can result from bacteria entering the uterus during instances when the cervical barrier is disturbed (i.e., after abortion, miscarriage, or childbirth). The disease results from what we call an "ascending" infection thus spreading from the lower genitalia (i.e., vagina) to the upper genitalia (i.e., Uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries).
Cervical health screening is a must, don’t look the other way. It is a simple yet effective method to inspect your cervical health. As the 4th most commonly occurring cancer in women worldwide, it is imperative to get tested. Cervical cancer was shown to be most prevalent in third-world countries, thus occurring mostly in women who do not have access to medical facilities.
Cystitis is the term used to describe bladder inflammation. The main cause of bladder inflammation is a bacterial infection. The following can be classified as the following: simple urinary tract infection (UTI) which occurs in healthy men and non-pregnant women; or complicated UTI which is associated with risk (i.e., antibiotic failure). Cystitis can also be induced by non-infectious factors (i.e., medication).
Polycystic ovarian syndrome also known as PCOS is a fairly common condition in which women produce an abnormally high level of androgens (male sex hormones). The disease is described as polycystic because fluid-filled sacs containing immature eggs form along the outer edges of the ovaries. This condition has a prevalence of 4-20% of women in their reproductive age.
As of 2020, breast cancer cases account for 24.5% of all cancer detections worldwide. A self-examination is an important tool as it can be done in the comfort of your home. The self-exam hasn’t been shown to improve prognosis in breast cancer patients, still, it is recommended by physicians to be familiar with your own breast in order to report changes when presented.
Menstrual cycles differ from woman to woman. Many causes come into play when it comes to menstrual cycle abnormalities. Menstrual anomalies are among the most common cause of gynecological consultations with a global prevalence of 30-70% in women of childbearing age. This short article will briefly discuss the common causes, the associated symptoms, what diagnostic tools are used, and how to treat them.
Uterine fibroids (also known as leiomyomas) are the most common benign uterine tumors appearing in women of childbearing age. Although considered an incidental finding most of the time, the data suggests that uterine fibroid prevalence ranges from 4.5-68.6% of women. Leiomyomas can differ in size, growth rate, or number.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) represent an infection located within any area of the urinary system (bladder, kidney, urethra, and ureters). UTIs present as the most common outpatient infection, with a larger prevalence in adult women (approximately 60% of women).
Endometriosis is a disorder presenting with varying pain levels in which tissue similar to that of the uterus grows "outside of its designated area" such as the pelvis lining, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Endometriosis can rarely be found beyond the pelvic area. It was shown to affect roughly about 10% of the global female population in reproductive age.
Research has shown that at any point in time depending on the definition used (self-diagnosis or functional diagnosis), constipation affects between 1 in 6 to 1 in 10 people globally. Constipation most commonly occurs when stool movements are too slow within the colon and thus cannot be eliminated via the rectum resulting in hardening of the stools.