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Gastric and duodenal ulcer

Gastric and duodenal ulcer

Gastric and duodenal peptic ulcers are the cyclical appearance of peptic ulcers in the stomach or duodenum. Peptic ulcer is a defect of the mucosa accompanied by inflammatory infiltration and necrosis. In most cases, the location of the ulcer is the duodenal bulb and stomach, although they can also occur in the lower esophagus and duodenal loop.

First aid for children and babies - how can you ensure their safety?

First aid for children and babies - how can you ensure their safety?

Learning basic first aid skills which might save a human life is paramount, and yet often neglected. In unexpected situations, we would give a lot to know how to help a child who is choking, burned, dealing with a nosebleed or loss of consciousness. However, in such cases, the most valuable commodity is time, so it's worth knowing how to behave and how to effectively perform first aid.

MODY: Is diabetes in children always type 1?

MODY: Is diabetes in children always type 1?

When diabetes is diagnosed in adults or children, the question that follows is usually whether it is type 1 or 2? Meanwhile, genetic research has revealed two more types of diabetes: Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY) and Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA). If you know someone with diabetes or if you yourself have been previously diagnosed, it’s a good idea to check if you or they have the right diagnosis.

Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA)

Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA)

For many years, it was thought that autoimmune diabetes only occurs in children and adolescents. Meanwhile, the increasing access to research has allowed for the distinction of LADA type diabetes. It is characterized by high resemblance to type 1 diabetes but it mainly affects adults. Find out how to recognize and treat it properly.

Diagnosis of diabetes

Diagnosis of diabetes

Diabetes is a lifestyle disease that affects more and more people. It develops in secret and does not cause any symptoms for a long time. If left untreated, it leads to serious complications and considerably shortens life expectancy. We should strive to diagnose the disease as early as possible, preferably before the first symptoms occur. The article will tell you what tests to do to be able to quickly diagnose diabetes and take the right treatment.

Type 2 diabetes - causes, symptoms and treatment

Type 2 diabetes - causes, symptoms and treatment

In the last 50 years, a significant increase in the incidence of diabetes has been noted, in parallel to the increasing obesity crisis. As of 2010, there were 285 million cases of this disease in the world, while in 1985 it was only about 30 million. In Poland, 3 million people have diabetes, but every fourth person has not yet been diagnosed. Find out what the symptoms of diabetes are and what to do to protect yourself from it.

Type 1 diabetes - causes, symptoms and treatment

Type 1 diabetes - causes, symptoms and treatment

Diabetes is mainly associated with older people who have never avoided sweet food and drinks. Meanwhile, Type 1 diabetes, otherwise known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is a disease that most commonly affects children and young adults. It is considered to be autoimmune because the patient's body attacks its own pancreatic cells. What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes and how can we fight it effectively? Can this disease be hereditary?

Telemedicine: consult a doctor without leaving home

Telemedicine: consult a doctor without leaving home

In Poland, there are only 2.2 doctors per 1,000 inhabitants, which is the smallest number in the entire European Union. In this situation, the development of telemedicine is not only a trend but a necessary solution. E-consulting is reducing queues and saving time, providing better treatment efficiency and lowering costs. We’d like to help you understand the benefits of telemedicine.

Types of thermometers and their application

Types of thermometers and their application

A medical thermometer is an indispensable element of every home medicine cabinet. Measuring body temperature correctly greatly facilitates differential diagnoses and is a guide to taking antipyretics (substances which reduce fever). What kinds of thermometers are there? Which thermometer should you choose to find the most reliable measurement?

Angina - causes, symptoms and treatment

Angina - causes, symptoms and treatment

Angina is usually associated with relatively harmless childhood disease. However, it can also occur in adults and should not be underestimated, because complications as a result of it are sometimes very dangerous. So, it's worth knowing how to recognize angina, what to treat it with and when to go to the doctor.

Examination of faeces for parasites

Examination of faeces for parasites

A faecal examination is recommended in the case of suspected gastrointestinal diseases, such as parasitic diseases, bacterial diseases, stomach ulcers, colon tumors, pancreatic diseases, digestive disorders and inflammatory bowel diseases. It is also a mandatory procedure before starting work, for example in the catering industry. Are any preparations necessary before the examination of feces? How do you get a sample? How many times do you have to do the test to make sure the results are reliable?

24-Hour urine collection - what is it and how do you prepare for it?

24-Hour urine collection - what is it and how do you prepare for it?

A 24-hour urine collection test allows you to assess the balance of fluids in the body and to determine the amount of chemical compounds excreted within 24 hours in the urine. Thanks to it, it is possible to diagnose diseases of the urinary tract and hormonal disorders, e.g. diabetes, parathyroid diseases, thyroid gland or adrenal gland issues. The 24-hour urine collection of urine is also performed during dialysis, in parenteral nutrition, in the case of electrolyte disturbances and when there’s a suspected vitamin D deficiency.

Urine culture - what is it and how do you prepare?

Urine culture - what is it and how do you prepare?

Urine culture (bacteriological examination) is not a prophylactic examination. It aims to detect the presence of microorganisms in the urine sample, by propagating them on special media. Thanks to this, it is possible to recognize the type of bacteria or fungi responsible for the development of urinary tract infections. Urine culture is usually performed along with an antibiogram, i.e. a test that determines the sensitivity of given pathogens to antibiotics, and thus allows you to choose the right treatment.