Water is extremely important for the proper functioning of our body. Despite the fact that it is the best way to quench your thirst, we often forget about it, focusing instead on calories, protein, fats or vitamins. How much water should you drink per day to prevent dehydration?
Author: Ewelina Kodyra
When diabetes is diagnosed in adults or children, the question that follows is usually whether it is type 1 or 2? Meanwhile, genetic research has revealed two more types of diabetes: Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY) and Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA). If you know someone with diabetes or if you yourself have been previously diagnosed, it’s a good idea to check if you or they have the right diagnosis.
For many years, it was thought that autoimmune diabetes only occurs in children and adolescents. Meanwhile, the increasing access to research has allowed for the distinction of LADA type diabetes. It is characterized by high resemblance to type 1 diabetes but it mainly affects adults. Find out how to recognize and treat it properly.
Diabetes is a metabolic disease that manifests itself mainly through elevated blood glucose. Regardless of whether we use oral medications or insulin, we should control the level of glycemia using a glucometer. Which device should I choose? What should I look for when measuring blood glucose?
Diabetes is a lifestyle disease that affects more and more people. It develops in secret and does not cause any symptoms for a long time. If left untreated, it leads to serious complications and considerably shortens life expectancy. We should strive to diagnose the disease as early as possible, preferably before the first symptoms occur. The article will tell you what tests to do to be able to quickly diagnose diabetes and take the right treatment.
Gestational diabetes is usually diagnosed between the 24th and the 28th weeks of pregnancy. This diagnosis is always a difficult experience for an expecting mother. What is diabetes in pregnancy, is it dangerous and how do we treat it?
In the last 50 years, a significant increase in the incidence of diabetes has been noted, in parallel to the increasing obesity crisis. As of 2010, there were 285 million cases of this disease in the world, while in 1985 it was only about 30 million. In Poland, 3 million people have diabetes, but every fourth person has not yet been diagnosed. Find out what the symptoms of diabetes are and what to do to protect yourself from it.
Diabetes is mainly associated with older people who have never avoided sweet food and drinks. Meanwhile, Type 1 diabetes, otherwise known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is a disease that most commonly affects children and young adults. It is considered to be autoimmune because the patient's body attacks its own pancreatic cells. What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes and how can we fight it effectively? Can this disease be hereditary?
In Poland, there are only 2.2 doctors per 1,000 inhabitants, which is the smallest number in the entire European Union. In this situation, the development of telemedicine is not only a trend but a necessary solution. E-consulting is reducing queues and saving time, providing better treatment efficiency and lowering costs. We’d like to help you understand the benefits of telemedicine.
A medical thermometer is an indispensable element of every home medicine cabinet. Measuring body temperature correctly greatly facilitates differential diagnoses and is a guide to taking antipyretics (substances which reduce fever). What kinds of thermometers are there? Which thermometer should you choose to find the most reliable measurement?
An elevated body temperature is one of the most common symptoms that causes us to feel anxious. We might be even more stressed if our child is feverish. Is every fever dangerous? Find out how to properly measure the temperature and when to administer antipyretics (substances which reduce fever) and at what dosage.
Angina is usually associated with relatively harmless childhood disease. However, it can also occur in adults and should not be underestimated, because complications as a result of it are sometimes very dangerous. So, it's worth knowing how to recognize angina, what to treat it with and when to go to the doctor.
Influenza is an acute viral disease that kills thousands of people every year. We often struggle to distinguish it from the common cold or a bacterial infection. What are the symptoms of influenza, how can we treat it and what should you do in order not to get sick in the future?
Do you feel bad? Do you have a cough? Does your throat hurt? You’re probably suffering from a cold. What is it caused by? How can we distinguish a cold from the flu and when should you go to the doctor?
The determination of TSH levels is a basic laboratory test where we check if our thyroid is functioning properly. Thanks to this simple test, both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can be detected and treatment can be controlled. That is why it is so important to know the correct norms that differ, e.g. depending on age, sex or clinical condition.
Blood in the stool is one of the most common signals that alerts us to the appearance of gastrointestinal disease. However, it is not always visible to the naked eye. In this case, examination of faecal occult feces will be extremely useful.
A faecal examination is recommended in the case of suspected gastrointestinal diseases, such as parasitic diseases, bacterial diseases, stomach ulcers, colon tumors, pancreatic diseases, digestive disorders and inflammatory bowel diseases. It is also a mandatory procedure before starting work, for example in the catering industry. Are any preparations necessary before the examination of feces? How do you get a sample? How many times do you have to do the test to make sure the results are reliable?
A 24-hour urine collection test allows you to assess the balance of fluids in the body and to determine the amount of chemical compounds excreted within 24 hours in the urine. Thanks to it, it is possible to diagnose diseases of the urinary tract and hormonal disorders, e.g. diabetes, parathyroid diseases, thyroid gland or adrenal gland issues. The 24-hour urine collection of urine is also performed during dialysis, in parenteral nutrition, in the case of electrolyte disturbances and when there’s a suspected vitamin D deficiency.
The general urine test is one of the most frequently performed laboratory tests. It is very important to properly prepare and correctly collect the sample. So what should you do to ensure the result accurately reflects the state of your health?
Urine culture (bacteriological examination) is not a prophylactic examination. It aims to detect the presence of microorganisms in the urine sample, by propagating them on special media. Thanks to this, it is possible to recognize the type of bacteria or fungi responsible for the development of urinary tract infections. Urine culture is usually performed along with an antibiogram, i.e. a test that determines the sensitivity of given pathogens to antibiotics, and thus allows you to choose the right treatment.
Since childhood, most of us have done some kind of health related laboratory test. It would seem that we know exactly how to prepare for them. Is it enough to just take a test on an empty stomach? How important is it to properly prepare for the test to get the best results?